Let us look at the various visas and residency permits on offer in Spain looking first at the Spanish Schengen visa requirements. With a Spanish Schengen visa, you can enjoy free movement for travelling in and out of Spain for a total of three months within any six months period. For the Schengen Spanish visa requirements, you will need to complete the required Spanish visa application form and supply the relevant documentation.
It may be the case that an individual requires a short stay business visa. Spain offers Schengen visas for precisely this purpose.
However, if you are coming from outside the EU and do not have the Schengen visa, you will need to apply for the correct business visa. Spain’s officials request you do so at the Spanish Embassy in your home country, submit the application in plenty of time for the business meeting, attend an interview and pay the application fee.
Spanish work visas work similarly to those worldwide, and again depend on what country you are coming from plus other factors such as self-employed or employment contracts. A non-EU citizen will need a work visa to work in Spain, and the Spanish Ministry of Foreign Affairs handles the application. The visa must be applied for in the country of residency and at least two months before arriving in Spain to work. For EU citizens, generally, there is no requirement for a visa to work in Spain.
Spanish Residency for UK Residents
You may wonder about applying for a residence permit for Spain. There is good news for existing UK residents, whereby from July 6th 2020 the Spanish Government put in place essential measures for those British ex-pats already holding a valid Spanish residency card, will have all existing EU rights protected after the official Brexit withdrawal period.
Currently, Spanish permanent residency via the Tarjeta de Identidad de Extranjero (TIE), a green card that gives the right to live and work in Spain and access to healthcare for pensioners.
If you are an entrepreneur wishing to set up a business in Spain, you may want to take advantage of a temporary residence permit in Spain. Requirements for such a permit allow for sufficient time to engage in business activity while not requiring permanent residence.
For residency in Spain for non-EU citizens, and possibly British citizens from December 31st, 2020, the route to apply for a Spanish visa varies from country to country.
For example, for a Spain visa from Pakistan, this requires a previously submitted application from the applicant’s home country together with necessary personal and financial documentation.
The same applies for a student visa. Spain’s official website on student visas provides a list of the required documentation.
Non-EU Citizens Spanish Residency
Many non-EU countries use visa application services, who deal with every aspect of applying for the required visa and ensuring the payment of the various Spanish visa fees.
Similarly, if you are applying from countries such as India, Spain visa requirements for Indian citizens is straightforward but lengthy, so check the estimated timescales.
Obtaining Spanish residency, whether you are an EU citizen or non-EU citizen need not be a terrifying affair. If you are from the UK and considering applying for Spanish residency, you can apply now, and the Spanish Government provide a swift online process.
For non-EU citizens, the requirements in terms of proving income, for example, Spanish visa requirements for South African citizens, entail having to prove finances of 25,000 euros or more before arriving. Take a look at the Spain Immigration official website information to obtain all the details necessary.
It is important not to confuse the requirements for applying for Spanish residency with Spanish citizenship, as the Spanish citizenship requirements are entirely different from Spanish residency although it is possible to claim Spanish citizenship by marriage.
According to Spanish nationality requirements proof of the union in the form of a marriage certificate and family record book is required and even this is may not be sufficient enough to obtain a Spanish resident permit through marriage.
Further conditions may need satisfying, for example, a test of good citizenship as recognised by the Spanish Government.
The Spanish Golden Visa Program
One attractive visa option is the Spanish Golden Visa program, also known as the Spanish investor visa. This visa appeals to a myriad of people looking to settle in Spain from all over the world. Investing in real estate exceeding 500,000 euros qualifies a person for a Golden Visa. Spain’s visa officials define the amount as an actual investment, not mortgage for example and based on a certificate produced by the land registry.
The benefit of the Golden Visa is mainly for the owner of the property as it automatically provides a family reunification visa. Spain’s officials provide residency via this method as it encompasses spouse and children of the property purchaser. Family members can be adult children provided they are still living at home and depending on parents.
There are some factors to bear in mind when you want to buy property in Europe and get residency. In Spain, you become a Spanish tax resident after six months in a calendar year, subject to taxation worldwide taxable income.
It is imperative to plan your move and residency carefully, as Spanish visa processing times can take up to three or four months.
There are 17 autonomous regions in Spain and each area will have differing Spanish residency rules and, of course, moving to Spain is a very different experience to being on holiday!
A tourist visa is limited to three months out of every six months period, and a non-lucrative residence visa means you cannot work. Non-lucrative visas also require renewing but are ideal for those who want to stay short term in Spain.
Apply at the Spanish consulate/embassy at the place of your home country or where you are living. The Spanish embassy visa requirements entail submitting a valid passport and showing you are economically independent.
When it comes to residency – initially a one-year visa applies, and you can apply for a permanent residency in Spain with a home purchase, renewable every five years. By far, a home purchase is the best method of obtaining a long term residence permit in Spain.
Further, when applying for a short stay Spanish visa, travel insurance requirements should be checked as this is most likely required for the whole of your stay.
For more information about the types of residence permit in Spain, we can advise on the various categories, whether it is a visit, for work, to study. Spanish visa types, document requirements for the application, Spanish visa costs, insurance, residence permit renewal, Spain’s list of necessary documents, help to complete the Spanish residency application form and provide in-depth guidelines.